Corruption is becoming prevalent all over the world. Corruption hurts economies, people, and governments.
Take it or leave it, corruption is what some religious people should call the "original sin".
This is derived from man's innate propensity to be corrupt, based on the fact that man's natural instinct to survive is essentially a selfish instinct, which often disregards fairness, equity, or equality especially when the environment is harsh, hostile, or life-threatening. And man, by his very nature, has the potential to be selfish, which is the foundation for such social evils like corruption. Regardless, corruption can be and should be eliminated as it destroys societies and humanity.
Corruption is unethical, immoral, and illegal in many societies, religions, and countries. It needs to be stopped. Private organizations, United Nations, and some governments have attempted to stop corruption or at least have tried to prevent it. They have failed, however.
This site is an attempt to expose countries and departments where corruption is taking place.
To fill out an instance of corruption you have experienced yourself or have knowledge of, click the link on the left to share information with the rest of the world.
In addition, if you know of any successful approach that has prevented or reduced corruption, please share it with the rest of the world by clicking the link "Make Suggestions" on the left.
Also, if you know of any published article dealing with corruption and want to share with the rest of the world, click "Share Published Article" on the left.
Also, many government agencies or officials do not care about people and their problems. If you have a problem with any government agency or an official, please report it to us by clicking "File Complaint" link on the left.
La Plume De Caryx February 13, 2017
On Friday 9 December 2016, the French National Assembly has passed the new French anti-corruption law No. 2016-1691 (known as Sapin II). The new law will fully enter into force on 1 June 2017. For many years France has had a large number of statutes aimed at fighting corruption and bribery. However, the new law introduces an expanded list of offences and imposes positive obligations on companies which fall under its provisions to take active steps to prevent committing bribery and corruption offences in France and abroad. Sapin II criminalises the acts of corruption, bribery, and influence peddling, and contains a list of ancillary offences, such as, favouritism in public procurement procedures, unfair representation of a company’s accounts and abuse of corporate assets. In addition to fighting bribery and corruption in France, the new law aims to prevent French companies (or nationals) from committing corruption offences abroad where they conduct business. It also capture offences committed by foreign companies operating in France. Sapin II also creates an obligation for companies and their senior management to prevent bribery and corruption by implementing internal anti-corruption programmes, employee trainings and risk management measures. The new anti-corruption provisions under Sapin II apply to French companies (including state-owned companies) with yearly revenue of more than €100 million provided they either have a minimum of 500 employees, or they form part of a corporate group (whose parent company is incorporated in France) which employs no less than 500 employees and have a yearly revenue of more than €100 million. Sapin II also apply to certain subsidiaries and affiliates of the above mentioned companies regardless of their place of incorporation subject to certain criteria. What is new about Sapin II? Sapin II imposes an obligation on large French companies to prevent bribery and corruption and requires such companies to implement effective internal compliance measures to achieve that. For example, companies to which Sapin II applies will have to put in place, among other things, an internal corporate code of conduct, employee disciplinary procedure, corruption risk assessment framework, a review of business partners and suppliers, whistleblowing mechanism and anti-corruption training for employees. This is in addition to internal accounting controls and checks to guarantee that the company’s accounts are not used to conceal corrupt conduct. Sapin II also creates a new French Anti-Corruption Authority (AFA). AFA has broad investigative and preventive powers which are wider than those given to the previous French Central Service for the Prevention of Corruption (SCPC). The powers of the SCPC were limited to collecting information on corruption and communicating that information to the public prosecutor. It did not have any investigation powers. The AFA will work closely and support French legal authorities in enforcing anti-corruption law. It is authorised to issue guidelines to facilitate compliance with the obligations imposed by Sapin II. Such guidelines will encourage companies to adopt adequate internal procedures to prevent and deter corruption and ensure that they monitor their anti-bribery and corruption compliance programmes in a manner consistent with their risk exposure (e.g. industry and geographical risk profile). Sapin II imposes a financial penalty for non-compliance with its provisions. Decisions imposing penalties on companies which are found to be in breach of Sapin II will be published on the AFA’s website. Failure to comply with these decisions will amount to an administrative violation. It is worth noting that Sapin II does not provide for a compliance defence like the one, for example, available under Section 7 of the UK Bribery Act 2010. In addition, Sapin II allows for settlement agreements which are similar to the Deferred Prosecution Agreements in the US and the UK. Under such agreements criminal charges would be dropped by the French authorities in exchange for fines paid by the prosecuted company which will also be required to undertake compliance commitments monitored by the AFA for a period of no more than 3 years. These settlement agreements will not be registered in the company’s criminal record. However, it will be published on its website. Sapin II harmonises parts of the French anti-corruption regime with the anti-bribery and corruption laws in the U.K and the U.S especially in the area of extraterritorial enforcement. Companies subject to Sapin II will have to review their relevant compliance programmes and controls which may need to be upgraded in order to meet the new requirements imposed by Sapin II.
Radio Free Asia | Mon Jan 23, 2017 | 12:21am GMT
Lao government officials found guilty of corruption charges are ‘voluntarily’ returning the money and assets they obtained through their illegal activities to the government, an official with the State Audit Organization (SAO) told RFA’s Lao Service. While the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, declined to say just how much money or the extent of the assets, he told RFA that it was a significant amount. “Oh, it is a huge amount of money, but we still cannot show the exact number as the process is underway,” he said. “After we found financial misconduct, we suggested to the corrupt officials that they return the money and assets to the government voluntarily. The majority of them follow our recommendations.” While the official said the ill-gotten gains will be returned to the Lao treasury, the officials aren’t absolved of punishment and could still face charges. The Lao government led by Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith has been attempting to reign in the rampant corruption that saps confidence in the nation. Transparency International ranks Laos as the 139th most corrupt country out of 168 nations. Bribes, kickbacks, document forgery and fraud have become a part of life in Laos and government officials have often used their offices to enrich themselves, their families and their close associates. The SAO has played a significant role in Thongloun’s anti-corruption crusade as agency audits have been a key tool in attempts to root out high-ranking government officials involved in corruption including a government probe into a former finance minister. Phouphet Khamphounvong, Lao finance minister from 2012 to 2014 and formerly a governor of the Bank of the Lao PDR (People’s Democratic Republic), was arrested “at the end of December 2015 while attending a party,” a finance ministry source told RFA’s Lao Service at the time. Taken into custody at the same time were Phouphet’s former secretary general, a director general of the ministry, a deputy director of the ministry’s budget department, and another official whose job was not specified, RFA’s source said, speaking on condition of anonymity. Ghost projects Phouphet was linked to so-called ‘ghost projects’ in Oudomxay province for which the ministry granted concessions to private firms to build roads in that northern province to support the country’s 10th National Sport Games in 2014. The roads were never built, but the contracting firms later converted bonds issued in promise of future payment into cash with the help of “commissions” paid to finance ministry officials, sources told RFA. There have been many reports in state media that credit the SAO with uncovering government waste or ghost projects that range from $10,000 to $10 million. The SAO official told RFA that the asset declaration program instituted in 2014 had become a valuable tool in its audits. Under the program government officials have been required to declare their assets since 2014. That gave the SAO the ability to compare government officials’ assets over time. If there is a big jump, then that becomes a red flag for the auditors. “We completed it the first round and it is over 90% now,” he said. “We are going to start the second one, but we have to identify what we have learnt or if there is any problem or gap and if there is any impact from our work.” While the official lauded the program, he still declined to release documentation that would show how much money and what assets government officials hold. A Lao intellectual who attempts to track corruption in the country told RFA that any results claimed by the SAO be unreliable. “It may work, but it seems like the results will not be reliable,” he said. “How can we have transparency or good governance without an independent body to check? The government always approves laws to defend themselves as there is no opposition party. The body who will act as an audit body must be independent or without political influence.” Officials cited for corruption While the SAO is keeping its numbers hidden, another government agency, the State Inspection Authority (SIA), has been more forthcoming with state media. As of today, more than 1,900 officials and civil servants at the central level, 98,000 people under ministerial supervision, and 142,000 officials and civil servants under provincial administrations have declared their assets, the Vientiane Times reported. According to the Vientiane Times, officials from the agriculture sector in Saravan province involved in document forgery, defrauded the state of 11.3 billion Lao kip (U.S. $1.38 million) and 8.3 million Thai baht (U.S. $ 235,461). Meanwhile officials from the province's Department of Labor and Social Welfare embezzled more than 200 million kip, the news outlet reported. Around 5.8 billion kip was embezzled by taxation and customs officials in Savannakhet province, while officials at the Ministry of Finance's Taxation Department were found to have embezzled 6.9 billion kip last year. At the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, it was found that about 20 billion kip had been misappropriated. SIA Vice President Sinay Mienglavanh said officials had engaged in corrupt activities such as bribery, abuse of power, sub-standard or fraudulent construction methods and document forgery, and the defrauding of state and cooperative assets. According to the report, investigations were carried out in relation to 71 officials suspected of corrupt conduct last year, of whom nine were from the Ministry of Finance, 30 from Oudomxay province, three from the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, 27 from Savannakhet province, one from Saravan province, and one from the labour and social welfare sector. Cases involving 25 officials were identified for prosecution, some of those cases have already been adjudicated
The Washington Free Beacon, Jan. 14 2017 (UPI) --
One of the newest members in Congress has spent the past decade and a half rising to the top of the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s political corruption unit, and he is wasting no time putting his know-how to work through legislation. On the day that Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick (R., Penn.) was sworn into office he introduced a package of anti-corruption legislation that would change the way Congress operates. In his first speech on the House floor on Thursday, he urged members on both sides of the aisle to join his newly created Congressional Citizen Legislature Caucus, which he hopes will emerge as a prime venue for reform measures. Fitzpatrick wants to prevent corruption before it takes root. “What causes corruption? Money and seniority, and that’s what I want to fight while I’m here,” Fitzpatrick said in an interview with the Washington Free Beacon. “What I saw in my experience in the bureau was a direct correlation between the length of time in office and the existence of political corruption,” he said. “It is rare that you indict an elected official that has been in office for two years and far more likely that they’ve been there for twenty.” “The straightforward reason is that when you enter a money-driven seniority based system, the lines that were really clear on day one are not so clear in year ten,” he said. “Even the most principled, well-intentioned people that come into that system will learn that the system has the power to change you.” Fitzpatrick has suggested instituting term limits on lawmakers (12 years maximum) and putting an end to the congressional pension system that rewards members for sticking around. He wants a true citizen legislature to emerge, creating a healthier form of democracy. “If we had a citizen legislature set-up—where you go in, focus on your area of expertise to make your country better, then go home and live under the laws you helped pass—I think that would be a healthier form of democracy,” he said. Fitzpatrick witnessed corruption in the hotbed that is the New York State Legislature. His first major investigation was into a state legislator representing Queens who doubled as the boss of a major New York City labor union. Fitzpatrick flipped the legislator, Brian McLaughlin, and his cooperation led to a progeny of cases. “Once they’re confronted with charges, they’re faced with the choice of sticking up for their family or for their colleagues who may have been involved in criminal activity,” he explained. “Most of them choose cooperation.” “When you get a cooperator, it is a domino effect,” Fitzpatrick said. That domino effect eventually reached the top of the legislature this year with the arrest by FBI agents of powerful assembly leader Sheldon Silver. Fitzpatrick became the national supervisor of the FBI’s political corruption unit and was awarded the bureau’s “Investigator of the Year” award in 2009. Fitzpatrick’s anti-corruption work took him overseas, where he was deployed to countries such as Ukraine as an expert on how to restore integrity to government institutions. His work abroad, which included an assignment on an anti-terrorism task force in Iraq in which he was embedded with the military, also gave him an up-close view of the complexities of the war on terror. “Counterterrorism is the top priority of the FBI, so even if you’re not assigned to a counterterrorism division you are going to work counterterrorism cases,” he said. His experience in the war on terror, which included interrogating members of al Qaeda during Operation Iraqi Freedom, is already being leveraged by House leadership. Fitzpatrick was just named to both the Homeland Security and Foreign Affairs Committees. “There are few representatives in Congress whose professional experience prepared them as well as Brian’s,” said Speaker of the House Paul Ryan (R., Wis.) in a statement announcing the committee assignments. Fitzpatrick understands that there will be resistance to his drive to make serving in Congress more of a public service, but he is devoted to it nonetheless. “It’s not going to make me a lot of friends here because most people are interested in expanding their power base.” “The Founding Father’s never envisioned a situation where we have a professional political class,” he said. “The more people in our country that can have the opportunity to come to Congress and serve in this place, the better our country will be.”
Freedom House, Feb. 1 2017 --
In response to Romania’s adoption of an emergency decree decriminalizing official misconduct and most acts of corruption, Freedom House issued the following statement: “This law represents a significant setback in Romania’s fight against corruption and undermines the government’s commitment to the rule of law and accountability of government officials,” said Robert Herman, vice-president for international programs. “We urge the Romanian government to repeal this decision and instead strengthen anti-corruption efforts, as its citizens are demanding.” Background: Late on January 31, the Romanian government adopted an emergency decree that decriminalizes official misconduct and allegations of graft involving less than $48,000. While the government justified the measure as a way to prevent prison overcrowding, critics say the ruling party is seeking to protect its members currently on trial for corruption offenses or already convicted, including the leader of the Socialist Party and Speaker of the Parliament Liviu Dragnea. Since the government’s plan to adopt the decree became known two weeks ago, thousands of people gathered throughout the country in some of the largest protests since the fall of communism in 1989. Romania is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2017, Partly Free in Freedom of the Press 2016, and receives a democracy score of 3.46, on a scale of 1 to 7, with 7 as the worst possible score, in Nations in Transit 2016.
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