Corruption is becoming prevalent all over the world. Corruption hurts economies, people, and governments.
Take it or leave it, corruption is what some religious people should call the "original sin".
This is derived from man's innate propensity to be corrupt, based on the fact that man's natural instinct to survive is essentially a selfish instinct, which often disregards fairness, equity, or equality especially when the environment is harsh, hostile, or life-threatening. And man, by his very nature, has the potential to be selfish, which is the foundation for such social evils like corruption. Regardless, corruption can be and should be eliminated as it destroys societies and humanity.
Corruption is unethical, immoral, and illegal in many societies, religions, and countries. It needs to be stopped. Private organizations, United Nations, and some governments have attempted to stop corruption or at least have tried to prevent it. They have failed, however.
This site is an attempt to expose countries and departments where corruption is taking place.
To fill out an instance of corruption you have experienced yourself or have knowledge of, click the link on the left to share information with the rest of the world.
In addition, if you know of any successful approach that has prevented or reduced corruption, please share it with the rest of the world by clicking the link "Make Suggestions" on the left.
Also, if you know of any published article dealing with corruption and want to share with the rest of the world, click "Share Published Article" on the left.
Also, many government agencies or officials do not care about people and their problems. If you have a problem with any government agency or an official, please report it to us by clicking "File Complaint" link on the left.
La Plume De Caryx February 13, 2017
On Friday 9 December 2016, the French National Assembly has passed the new French anti-corruption law No. 2016-1691 (known as Sapin II). The new law will fully enter into force on 1 June 2017. For many years France has had a large number of statutes aimed at fighting corruption and bribery. However, the new law introduces an expanded list of offences and imposes positive obligations on companies which fall under its provisions to take active steps to prevent committing bribery and corruption offences in France and abroad. Sapin II criminalises the acts of corruption, bribery, and influence peddling, and contains a list of ancillary offences, such as, favouritism in public procurement procedures, unfair representation of a company’s accounts and abuse of corporate assets. In addition to fighting bribery and corruption in France, the new law aims to prevent French companies (or nationals) from committing corruption offences abroad where they conduct business. It also capture offences committed by foreign companies operating in France. Sapin II also creates an obligation for companies and their senior management to prevent bribery and corruption by implementing internal anti-corruption programmes, employee trainings and risk management measures. The new anti-corruption provisions under Sapin II apply to French companies (including state-owned companies) with yearly revenue of more than €100 million provided they either have a minimum of 500 employees, or they form part of a corporate group (whose parent company is incorporated in France) which employs no less than 500 employees and have a yearly revenue of more than €100 million. Sapin II also apply to certain subsidiaries and affiliates of the above mentioned companies regardless of their place of incorporation subject to certain criteria. What is new about Sapin II? Sapin II imposes an obligation on large French companies to prevent bribery and corruption and requires such companies to implement effective internal compliance measures to achieve that. For example, companies to which Sapin II applies will have to put in place, among other things, an internal corporate code of conduct, employee disciplinary procedure, corruption risk assessment framework, a review of business partners and suppliers, whistleblowing mechanism and anti-corruption training for employees. This is in addition to internal accounting controls and checks to guarantee that the company’s accounts are not used to conceal corrupt conduct. Sapin II also creates a new French Anti-Corruption Authority (AFA). AFA has broad investigative and preventive powers which are wider than those given to the previous French Central Service for the Prevention of Corruption (SCPC). The powers of the SCPC were limited to collecting information on corruption and communicating that information to the public prosecutor. It did not have any investigation powers. The AFA will work closely and support French legal authorities in enforcing anti-corruption law. It is authorised to issue guidelines to facilitate compliance with the obligations imposed by Sapin II. Such guidelines will encourage companies to adopt adequate internal procedures to prevent and deter corruption and ensure that they monitor their anti-bribery and corruption compliance programmes in a manner consistent with their risk exposure (e.g. industry and geographical risk profile). Sapin II imposes a financial penalty for non-compliance with its provisions. Decisions imposing penalties on companies which are found to be in breach of Sapin II will be published on the AFA’s website. Failure to comply with these decisions will amount to an administrative violation. It is worth noting that Sapin II does not provide for a compliance defence like the one, for example, available under Section 7 of the UK Bribery Act 2010. In addition, Sapin II allows for settlement agreements which are similar to the Deferred Prosecution Agreements in the US and the UK. Under such agreements criminal charges would be dropped by the French authorities in exchange for fines paid by the prosecuted company which will also be required to undertake compliance commitments monitored by the AFA for a period of no more than 3 years. These settlement agreements will not be registered in the company’s criminal record. However, it will be published on its website. Sapin II harmonises parts of the French anti-corruption regime with the anti-bribery and corruption laws in the U.K and the U.S especially in the area of extraterritorial enforcement. Companies subject to Sapin II will have to review their relevant compliance programmes and controls which may need to be upgraded in order to meet the new requirements imposed by Sapin II.
Radio Free Asia | Mon Jan 23, 2017 | 12:21am GMT
Lao government officials found guilty of corruption charges are ‘voluntarily’ returning the money and assets they obtained through their illegal activities to the government, an official with the State Audit Organization (SAO) told RFA’s Lao Service. While the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, declined to say just how much money or the extent of the assets, he told RFA that it was a significant amount. “Oh, it is a huge amount of money, but we still cannot show the exact number as the process is underway,” he said. “After we found financial misconduct, we suggested to the corrupt officials that they return the money and assets to the government voluntarily. The majority of them follow our recommendations.” While the official said the ill-gotten gains will be returned to the Lao treasury, the officials aren’t absolved of punishment and could still face charges. The Lao government led by Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith has been attempting to reign in the rampant corruption that saps confidence in the nation. Transparency International ranks Laos as the 139th most corrupt country out of 168 nations. Bribes, kickbacks, document forgery and fraud have become a part of life in Laos and government officials have often used their offices to enrich themselves, their families and their close associates. The SAO has played a significant role in Thongloun’s anti-corruption crusade as agency audits have been a key tool in attempts to root out high-ranking government officials involved in corruption including a government probe into a former finance minister. Phouphet Khamphounvong, Lao finance minister from 2012 to 2014 and formerly a governor of the Bank of the Lao PDR (People’s Democratic Republic), was arrested “at the end of December 2015 while attending a party,” a finance ministry source told RFA’s Lao Service at the time. Taken into custody at the same time were Phouphet’s former secretary general, a director general of the ministry, a deputy director of the ministry’s budget department, and another official whose job was not specified, RFA’s source said, speaking on condition of anonymity. Ghost projects Phouphet was linked to so-called ‘ghost projects’ in Oudomxay province for which the ministry granted concessions to private firms to build roads in that northern province to support the country’s 10th National Sport Games in 2014. The roads were never built, but the contracting firms later converted bonds issued in promise of future payment into cash with the help of “commissions” paid to finance ministry officials, sources told RFA. There have been many reports in state media that credit the SAO with uncovering government waste or ghost projects that range from $10,000 to $10 million. The SAO official told RFA that the asset declaration program instituted in 2014 had become a valuable tool in its audits. Under the program government officials have been required to declare their assets since 2014. That gave the SAO the ability to compare government officials’ assets over time. If there is a big jump, then that becomes a red flag for the auditors. “We completed it the first round and it is over 90% now,” he said. “We are going to start the second one, but we have to identify what we have learnt or if there is any problem or gap and if there is any impact from our work.” While the official lauded the program, he still declined to release documentation that would show how much money and what assets government officials hold. A Lao intellectual who attempts to track corruption in the country told RFA that any results claimed by the SAO be unreliable. “It may work, but it seems like the results will not be reliable,” he said. “How can we have transparency or good governance without an independent body to check? The government always approves laws to defend themselves as there is no opposition party. The body who will act as an audit body must be independent or without political influence.” Officials cited for corruption While the SAO is keeping its numbers hidden, another government agency, the State Inspection Authority (SIA), has been more forthcoming with state media. As of today, more than 1,900 officials and civil servants at the central level, 98,000 people under ministerial supervision, and 142,000 officials and civil servants under provincial administrations have declared their assets, the Vientiane Times reported. According to the Vientiane Times, officials from the agriculture sector in Saravan province involved in document forgery, defrauded the state of 11.3 billion Lao kip (U.S. $1.38 million) and 8.3 million Thai baht (U.S. $ 235,461). Meanwhile officials from the province's Department of Labor and Social Welfare embezzled more than 200 million kip, the news outlet reported. Around 5.8 billion kip was embezzled by taxation and customs officials in Savannakhet province, while officials at the Ministry of Finance's Taxation Department were found to have embezzled 6.9 billion kip last year. At the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, it was found that about 20 billion kip had been misappropriated. SIA Vice President Sinay Mienglavanh said officials had engaged in corrupt activities such as bribery, abuse of power, sub-standard or fraudulent construction methods and document forgery, and the defrauding of state and cooperative assets. According to the report, investigations were carried out in relation to 71 officials suspected of corrupt conduct last year, of whom nine were from the Ministry of Finance, 30 from Oudomxay province, three from the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, 27 from Savannakhet province, one from Saravan province, and one from the labour and social welfare sector. Cases involving 25 officials were identified for prosecution, some of those cases have already been adjudicated
The Salt Lake Tribune, Mar 10 2017 07:48 am (UPI) --
Seoul, South Korea • South Korea's Constitutional Court removed impeached President Park Geun-hye from office in a unanimous ruling Friday over a corruption scandal that has plunged the country into political turmoil and worsened an already-serious national divide. The decision capped a stunning fall for the country's first female leader, who rode a wave of lingering conservative nostalgia for her late dictator father to victory in 2012, only to see her presidency crumble as millions of furious protesters filled the nation's streets. Two people died during protests that followed the ruling. Police and hospital officials said about 30 protesters and police officers were injured in the violent clashes near the court, which prompted Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn, the country's acting head of state, to plead for peace and urge Park's angry supporters to move on. The ruling allows possible criminal proceedings against the 65-year-old Park — prosecutors have already named her a criminal suspect — and makes her South Korea's first democratically elected leader to be removed from office since democracy replaced dictatorship in the late 1980s. It also deepens South Korea's political and security uncertainty as the country faces existential threats from North Korea, reported economic retaliation from a China furious about Seoul's cooperation with the U.S. on an anti-missile system, and questions in Seoul about the new Trump administration's commitment to the countries' security alliance. Park's "acts of violating the constitution and law are a betrayal of the public trust," acting Chief Justice Lee Jung-mi said. "The benefits of protecting the constitution that can be earned by dismissing the defendant are overwhelmingly big. Hereupon, in a unanimous decision by the court panel, we issue a verdict: We dismiss the defendant, President Park Geun-hye." Lee accused Park of colluding with longtime confidante Choi Soon-sil to extort tens of millions of dollars from businesses and letting Choi, a private citizen, meddle in state affairs and receive and look at documents with state secrets. Those allegations were previously made by prosecutors, but Park has refused to undergo any questioning, citing a law that gives a sitting leader immunity from prosecution. It is not clear when prosecutors will try to interview her. Park won't vacate the presidential Blue House on Friday as her aides are preparing for her return to her private home in southern Seoul, according to the Blue House. Park has not made a public statement on her removal. Park's lawyer, Seo Seok-gu, who had previously compared Park's impeachment to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, called the verdict a "tragic decision" made under popular pressure and questioned the fairness of what he called a "kangaroo court." South Korea must now hold an election within two months to choose Park's successor. Liberal Moon Jae-in, who lost to Park in the 2012 election, currently enjoys a comfortable lead in opinion surveys. Pre-verdict surveys showed that 70 to 80 percent of South Koreans wanted the court to approve Park's impeachment. But there have been worries that Park's ouster would further polarize the country and cause violence. Sensing history, thousands of people — both pro-Park supporters, many of them dressed in army-style fatigues and wearing red berets, and those who wanted Park gone — gathered around the Constitutional Court building and a huge public square in downtown Seoul. A big television screen was set up near the court so people could watch the verdict live. Hundreds of police were on hand, wearing helmets with visors and black, hard-plastic breastplates and shin guards. The streets near the court were lined with police buses and barricades. Some of Park's supporters reacted with anger after the ruling, shouting and hitting police officers and reporters with plastic flag poles and steel ladders, and climbing on police buses. Anti-Park protesters celebrated by marching in the streets near the presidential Blue House, carrying flags, signs and an effigy of Park dressed in prison clothes and tied up with rope. The Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency said two people died while protesting Park's removal. An official from the Seoul National University Hospital said that a man in his 70s, believed to be a Park supporter, died from head wounds after falling from the top of a police bus. An official from the Kangbuk Samsung Hospital in Seoul said another man brought from the pro-Park rally died shortly after receiving CPR at the hospital. The hospital official couldn't immediately confirm the cause of death. In a televised speech, Hwang said "there would be people who feel they cannot understand or accept (the court ruling), but it's now time to move on and end all conflict and standoff."
Freedom House, Feb. 1 2017 --
In response to Romania’s adoption of an emergency decree decriminalizing official misconduct and most acts of corruption, Freedom House issued the following statement: “This law represents a significant setback in Romania’s fight against corruption and undermines the government’s commitment to the rule of law and accountability of government officials,” said Robert Herman, vice-president for international programs. “We urge the Romanian government to repeal this decision and instead strengthen anti-corruption efforts, as its citizens are demanding.” Background: Late on January 31, the Romanian government adopted an emergency decree that decriminalizes official misconduct and allegations of graft involving less than $48,000. While the government justified the measure as a way to prevent prison overcrowding, critics say the ruling party is seeking to protect its members currently on trial for corruption offenses or already convicted, including the leader of the Socialist Party and Speaker of the Parliament Liviu Dragnea. Since the government’s plan to adopt the decree became known two weeks ago, thousands of people gathered throughout the country in some of the largest protests since the fall of communism in 1989. Romania is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2017, Partly Free in Freedom of the Press 2016, and receives a democracy score of 3.46, on a scale of 1 to 7, with 7 as the worst possible score, in Nations in Transit 2016.
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